Dentist tools and mouth open with beautiful teeth

Bacterial plaque control methods are those procedures aimed at the elimination of deposits that accumulate on dental surfaces. The elimination and control of bacterial plaque is essential to achieve dental and periodontal health. This can be achieved by mechanical and chemical techniques. Mechanical procedures are performed using tools that drag the dental surface plate. Chemists are intended to interfere with all chemical reactions of growth and bacterial metabolism.


The mechanical removal of plaque is based on the mechanical cleaning of the teeth, by the individual. Tooth brushing is a type of mechanical removal which is necessary for the prevention of caries and periodontal diseases in most individuals. Its purpose is the elimination of the bacterial plaque adhered to the surface of the teeth, food waste and also stains.


The design of the brush is important to be able to have proper oral hygiene. The mango must be in accordance with the age and skill of the individual. The head of this has to be according to the size of the patient’s mouth, always recommending a small round head to reach all dental surfaces. Nylon or polyester toothbrushes with a rounded tip are recommended. This should be changed approximately every 3 months.

The recommended brushing technique is according to the age and skill of each one. For children, the best technique is horizontal, while for adults the Bass technique is recommended, in order to achieve gingival groove hygiene. This technique consists of performing systemic rotational movements from the gingival groove. In the child Oral hygiene should be performed three times a day, an average of 3 minutes each time you brush your teeth. The use of a fluoridated toothpaste, that is to say with fluoride ion, is essential to prevent tooth decay. The electric brushes can be useful for patients who are unmotivated the with little manual dexterity or especially high risk groups in plaque formation, such as children, orthodontic carriers or disabled patients. This type of toothbrushes began to be useful when the rotational movements were introduced in these. Manual brushes outperform manual brushing in the most difficult areas.

The interdental or interproximal hygiene is essential in order to achieve adequate oral hygiene. Flossing is used in interproximal spaces where there is no loss of support and the space is closed. In cases where there is a loss of support or periodontitis, the use of interproximal brushes is recommended. If tooth brushing is not adequate or the technique is too aggressive, side effects may occur. These effects may be cervical abrasions of enamel, dentin or cement or lesions in the gingival tissues (such as recessions). The chemical methods of plaque control are advised in those patients with limitations of mechanical plaque control, as long as there is a motivation and manual ability on the part of the patient, patients who by pathological processes have limited access to tooth brushing, patients at high risk to suffer the main oral diseases. Antiplate agents are those that favor the prevention of tooth decay or gingivitis that is to say that the chemical agent has an effect on the bacterial plaque to reduce its pathogenicity. The basic requirements of antiplaque or chemical agents is that they be effective (that there is one or more active ingredients that have been clinically proven to be able to reduce plaque levels) and safe (with no side effects).

It is also advised to carry out periodic check with the dentist to be able to check the oral cavity and other systemic pathologies and, in addition, if necessary, perform a professional prophylaxis preventing and maintaining oral health. This professional prophylaxis consists in the control of plaque by the patient, by means of an adequate medical history, a prayer exam, the registration of the plaque index, thus assessing the level of risk of oral diseases. In addition, the patient is instructed and motivated for oral hygiene and health. In this prophylaxis or professional hygiene the plaque, calculus or tartar and the stains that may exist are eliminated, as well as a polishing of the dental surfaces and the overflowing restorations and of the interproximal spaces. Depending on the risk,

In addition to good tooth brushing, interproximal hygiene and regular review with the trusted dentist for proper oral hygiene, the elimination of toxicological habits, such as tobacco, is recommended, avoiding worsening health status. Also, a healthy lifestyle with a reduction of processed foods and an increase in the consumption of fruits and vegetables, as well as doing sports daily, make it possible to obtain adequate oral hygiene with all this.

Young dentist examining patient in dental clinic.

The data indicate that most people go to the dental doctor only when they feel any discomfort that affects the performance of their daily activities. This situation is alarming, especially for dentists, who have to implement more complex treatments that require many medical appointments. In addition, we must say that sometimes it is also practically impossible to provide patients with conservative treatment, since dental disease is already very advanced. Under this logic, it is very important that people begin to develop a culture of prevention that not only improves their quality of life, but also allows for impeccable oral health. The learning of good oral hygiene should be included in the prevention culture programs developed by the Public Health Institutions, especially since the teeth and mouth is one of the most important aspects of being human.

In principle, we must say that the dentists are experts and that they can be certain which treatments will be the best to avoid the development of dental diseases or to improve quality of life they have lost as a result of dental diseases. Achieving dental health is very important for general health, because from a dental disease that is not treated in time, other diseases that affect other organs of the body that apparently have nothing to do with the mouth can develop. Basically, having a medical-dental history allows patients to improve their quality of life and prevent the loss of some of their teeth.


On the other hand, we cannot forget about daily oral hygiene, since it also depends on the fact that patients have excellent oral health. It will do no good for the dental doctor to do his best work in the office if the patients do not have good hygiene. Learning to have a correct dental hygiene is only possible if you go to a dental clinic. He knows what hygiene measures are necessary to maintain a dentures free of dental diseases such as tooth decay, gingivitis, periodontitis, halitosis and many others that are very simple to develop because of poor hygiene. The pain relationship with dentists could be avoided if most patients went to periodic check-ups and not until dental diseases were very advanced. Routine and preventive checkups are not painful. Deep dental cleaning is not a procedure that generates pain, on the contrary, it is a procedure that is stimulating for patients. It is recommended to go to the dentist specialists without any fear, since prevention is the best solution to avoid the terrible discomforts that advanced dental diseases can cause.


At the end of an intervention at the dentist, we often have white teeth and very bright. It is for this reason that it is difficult to know the difference between the technique of teeth whitening and descaling. The peculiarity of teeth whitening is its exclusively aesthetic vocation. 

The difference between a tooth whitening and a descaling

As for descaling, it is an operation that consists of removing the tartar that has accumulated on the teeth.

What is teeth whitening?

Dental whitening is an action that occurs in the heart of the tooth, and this treatment can sustainably change its color. Teeth whitening is a long and technical procedure that requires several dental consultations, motivation, patience and a large budget. It is necessary to foresee between $ 300 and 600 to carry out teeth whitening. Intervention is only allowed if the patient has no devitalized teeth, composites that do not change color, high gingival sensitivity or bare necks. To whiten teeth, it can be done directly in the dentist’s office. The other technique is to fix a gutter on the teeth. This device contains a whitening product at a low concentration.

What is descaling?

Scaling is a procedure performed by a dentist whose purpose is to remove tartar that has accumulated in the dentition. Scaling is the only operation that can remove plaque that has mineralized and has become tartar. There are 2 categories of descaling: supra-gingival and sub-gingival surgery. Although supra-gingival scaling is performed at the visible part of the teeth, it has a visible result. This intervention makes it possible to whiten teeth. As for the subgingival scaling, the operation is done on the tartar, which is fixed on the part of the tooth in the gum which is not visible. This intervention is important because this type of tartar is the most harmful.

How is a descaling done?

Scaling is an operation that is usually done by ultrasound. To eliminate the most common stains or stains, the dentist can combine polishing with the ultrasound treatment. This painless operation generates a few side effects. The maximum amount reimbursed by social security for this type of intervention does not exceed $ 20,24. Note that the origin of calculus comes from the mineralization of plaque.

Significance of Dental Implant in Elderly Patients_2

White teeth make many people dream. Teeth may turn yellow with cigarette smoke, coffee, or tea daily. Indeed, some foods can promote discoloration of teeth. However, the color of the teeth is different according to the individuals according to their color of enamel. 

The secrets of having white teeth

Some people naturally have whiter teeth than others. Nevertheless, there are tips for whitening your teeth easily. It is now possible to make a tooth whitening at home. What are the secrets to achieving teeth whitening?

Use natural tips to get a light result

If you do not feel like starting a big tooth whitening operation, you can use natural tips to whiten your teeth. The first trick is to use coal powder. This secret has many advantages for its users. First, it is affordable. Investing in a small box does not cost much. It is, therefore, possible to have easy access to this trick. Then this product is 100% natural! You have no risk of using a product with chemical components. This little secret allows you to achieve the whitening of teeth easily and smoothly. The product does not attack your enamel. Whitening your teeth is smooth. Also, the benefits of charcoal allow you to achieve other effects on your mouth. This product eliminates toxins and bad breath. It also tends to reduce the inflammation and infections present in your mouth. In parallel, it is also recommended to use food bicarbonate once a week. This natural tip prevents the formation of tartar and contributes to tooth whitening!

Choose specific techniques for fast and effective action

If you want faster and more effective action than coal, you should turn to teeth whitening kits. These have the advantage of being practical for whitening teeth: all the material is provided in the kit. It takes about one month to get a result. The application is made daily to obtain a result on the duration smoothly, according to the teeth whitening kits. Some kits use gutters to flatten on your teeth. Care should be taken to allow them to wait for the appropriate time to obtain an interesting result when teeth whitening. For an additional result, apply blue light to your teeth during the gutter break. In parallel with these actions, it is interesting to set up daily management to reduce stress. Attention, it is better not to choose a product containing peroxide for whitening teeth! This substance is certainly very effective, but especially dangerous for the user! In any case, if you have any doubt about using a tooth whitening product, it is best to contact a professional to get more specific information on tooth whitening.

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